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Pterophyllum wild
Neolebias trewavasae



Nannostomus eques and N. unifasciatus: two odd birds29.07.2016



Among the pencil fishes, two species are very conspicuous due to their oblique swimming style: Nannostomus eques and N. unifasciatus. The two species often appear intermixed in the wild. As a result they are often found as bycatch in importations of the other species.



These „hockeysticks“ are very nice fishes. Like all other pecilfishes they should be kept only in community of comparatively gentle species. Due to the very small mouth of Nannostomus the keepers has to pay some atttention on the feeding. In fact, both Nannostomus won´t refuse any type of usual fishfood, but the particles have to be rather small. Successful breeders of these fishes favour freshly hatched Artemia nauplii for these species - for the adults! So, if possible, one should offer that type of food at least twice a week.



Males and females can be distinguished in all species of pencilfish best by the anal fin. That fin has a different shape in malles of all species and often also a different colour.

For our customers: the fish have code 271803 (N. eques) and 274206 (N. unifasciatus) on our stocklist. Please note that we exclusively supply the wholesale trade.

Text & photos: Frank Schäfer





Hemiloricaria bycatches25.07.2016



The past days were dominated by whiptail catfish. Along with our first importation of Pseudoloricaria sp. (see http://www.aquariumglaser.de/en/archiv.php?news_id=1699) came as bycatch not less than four different species of Hemiloricaria! This is extremely unusual, for all these species have a very similar way of life and so they stand in direct competetion to each other. The four species are Hemiloricaria fallax, H. teffeana, H. castroi, and H. sp. Barcelos.



May this be as it is: we also obtained - from the very same area - even a fifth species, namely Hemilorcaria sp. Weißdorn, also known under the name H. sp. Amazonia. Raphael Covain, a French scientist that works a lot with Rineloricaria, informed us - based on his research on the genus - that the latter species is identical with Rineloricaria platyura.



The generic names Hemiloricaria and Rineloricaria have both been established in 1862 by P. Bleeker. The validity of Hemiloricaria is reason for a debate among scientists. There are two basic opinions, the one is that both genera are valid, the other (i.a. the one of Covain) that Hemiloricaria is a synonym od Rineloricaria.



We are not specialized in this group of fish and simply follow the opinion that is most commonly shared in the German speaking area. This is that Hemiloricaria is a valid genus. In any case we thank Raphael Covain sincerely for his help. Many thanks also to Ingo Seidel who helped us to identify the bycatches of Pseudoloricaria.

For our customers: we currently have the following species that were mentioned above in stock: H. sp. Weißdorn/H. platyura  (code 288965), H. fallax (code 287804) and one specimen of H. cf. castroi (code 287655). Please note that we exclusively supply the wholesale trade.

Text & photos: Frank Schäfer






Hemigrammus sp. Llanos25.07.2016



Again we were able to import a species of tetra new to science from Peru or at least we are not able to assign the fish to any described species of the region. They wre sent under the name Hemigrammus sp. „Llanos“ (another fantasy-name for that species in the trade is Hemigrammus „Carlitos“). Sadly we have no further information about the animals. We suppose they might have been collceted in the Madre de Dios region, but this is only a guess.



The pretty fish have many similarities with Hemigrammus bellottii from the Rio Negro region in Brazil; the most obvious difference are the nice orange fins.



We obtained such fish also in 2014 as bycatch with the atthat time still undecribed Hemigrammus ribrostriatus from Venezuela. We find H. rubrostriatus also among the H. sp. „Llanos“. So it seems that both species usually occur together.



For our customers: the fish have code 257543 on our stocklist. Please note that we exclusiovely supply the wholesale trade.

Text & photos: Frank Schäfer





Apistogramma borellii WILD22.07.2016



We received beautiful, wild collected specimens of this dwarf cichlid from Paraguay. The species belongs to the members of the genus Apistogramma that are kept and bred in aquaria for decades already. The splendid males become almost double as large as the females. The peaceful and pretty species can be kept during the summer months in garden ponds or other tanks placed in the garden or on the balcony.



For our customers: the animals have code 615703 on our stocklist. Please note that we exclusively supply the wholesale trade.

Text & photos: Frank Schäfer





Sphaerichthys vaillanti20.07.2016



Finally we can offer again the most beautiful species of Chocolate Gourami: Sphaerichtys vaillanti. The species originates from the Kapuas basin in the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. S. vaillanti is not only the most beautiful, but also the hardiest species of all Chocolate Gouramis. However, it is nevertheless by no means an easy to keep fish. One will have only success with this fish when the natural habitat - very soft, acidic blackwater and lots of dead leafes on the bottom - is imitated and preferably life food is given. Most hobbyists underestimate the intraspecific aggession shown in all species of Chocolate Gouramis. Most problems with diseases in Sphaerichthys result from distress based on mobbing.



The males in Sphaerichthys vaillanti are much duller in respect of coloration than the tigered females. The males have also the job to care for the spawn - they are mouthbrooders. In neutral mood the males look much alike the Crossband Chocolate Gourami (Spaerichtys selatanensis), but S. vaillanti can always be recognized by the sharp head.



For our customers: the fish have code 455843 on our stocklist. Please note that we exclusively supply the wholesale trade

Text & photos: Frank Schäfer





Corydoras weitzmani WILD19.07.2016



We received a shipment of beautiful, fully grown wild collected Corydoras weitzmani from Peru. The species is extremely rare in the trade. Our fish have a perfect condition!



There were strong doubts not long ago that the species might not exist at all or that it has been extinct. This was due to the fact that the scientific description of the species in 1971 gave "Cuzco in Peru" as type locality. Several expeditions searched in the region for this unique cory, but all failed. Now we know that the information on the collecting site given to the scientist who described the species was wrong. Corydoras weitzmani originates from the Madre de Dios region where it was rediscovered in 2004 by ornamental fish collectors.



Keeping the beautiful species is pretty easy. Corydoras weitzmani is a social species that should be always kept in groups. Former speculations said that the fish probably has to be kept at low temperatures, for Cuzco in the Andes lies at an altitude of 3.400 m. However, this is completely wrong. In fact neither the water chemistry nor the water temperature are of greater importance for the successful keeping of the fish, which is a perfect tankmate for a community tank.



For our customers: the fish have code 248905 on our stocklist. Please note that we exclusively supply the wholesale trade.

Lexicon: Corydoras: from ancient greek, means „with helmet and spear“. This refers to the strong armor and fin spines. weitzmani: dedication name for the ichthyologist Stanley H. Weitzman

Text & photos: Frank Schäfer





Dwarf Tetras from Peru 3: Cyanogaster cf. noctivaga19.07.2016



We were able to import a new species of dwarf tetra in january 2011 from Peru. The tiny fish were only 1-2 cm long and we were neither able to assign them to an existing genus nor to an existing species. Thus we gave them the provisional name Characidae gen. sp., Dwarf Glass Tetra (code 215503). Our idea that the fish are completely new to science has proofed to be true: the scientists George Mattox, Ralf Britz, Monica Toledo-Piza, and Manoelo F. Marinho described recently (March 2013) this or a very similar species under the name of Cynaogoster noctivaga, new genus and new species. The scientific generic name means "blue belly" due to the coloration and the specific name "noctivaga" means "night wanderer", because all specimens were collected during nighttime (between 20.00 and 24.00).



There is no doubt that the fish we imported from Peru belongs to the same genus, eg Cyanogaster. However, the species noctivaga has been described from the Rio Negro area in Brazil. Only a very close look on preserved specimens will allow a decision wether both populations belong to the same species or not.



Finally we were able to import the Peruvian fish again. Maybe now it will be possible to clear the open questions on the identity of the most intersting fish.

For our customers: the fsih have code 215503 on our stocklist. Please note that we exclusively supply the wholesale trade.

Text & photos: Frank Schäfer





Dwarf Tetras from Peru 2: Tyttocharax cochui19.07.2016



The lively species of the genus Tyttocharax belong to the smallest species of tetra at all. They hardly ever become larger than 2 cm. We can offer currently Tyttocharax cochui from Peru. Occassionally we obtained from the same exporter also the closely related species T. madeirae. At the first glimpse both species look very similar and have been often confused in the past. Another reason for this is the fact that T. madeirae has not been recognized in scientific collections from Peru so far.



Both dwarf tetra species can be distinguished best by the coloration of the dorsal and the anal fins. Both fins are hylaine in T. cochui and have dark markings in T. madeirae.



There is a third species of Tyttocharax known from Peru, the very deep bodied T. tambopatensis. But sadly we have not obtained that fish for a while now anymore.



Males in all Tyttocharax become larger than the females and are very deep bodied at age. Keeping these tiny fish is not much demanding. Any usual fishfood is readily taken as long as it fits the mouth. The dwarf fish are very peaceful against tankmates, may they belong to their own or to other species. Plants are not harmed.

For our customers: Tyttocharax cochui has code 298952 on our stocklist. Please note that we exclusively supply the wholesale trade.

Lexicon: Tyttocharax: ancient Greek, means "tiny Charax"; Charax is another genus of tetra. cochui: dedication name. madeirae: after the Rio Madeira in Brazil. tambopatensis: after the collecting site, the Rio Tambopata.

Suggestion of common names: T. cochui: Whiteband Frippery Tetra; T. madeirae: Madeira Frippery Tetra; T. tambopatensis: Tambopata Frippery Tetra

Text & photos: Frank Schäfer







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